By this solemn consideration, therefore, the apostle urges on them the importance of perseverance, and the guilt and danger of apostasy from the Christian faith. But if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him - This also is a quotation from Habakkuk 2:4, but from the Septuagint, not from the Hebrew. (19-25) The danger of … 37 For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry. The Christian's present conflict may be sharp, but will be soon over. God never is pleased with the formal profession and outward duties and services of such as do not persevere; but he beholds them with great displeasure. But when "God manifested in the flesh," became the sacrifice, and his death upon the accursed tree the ransom, then the Sufferer being of infinite worth, his free-will sufferings were of infinite value. 35Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. And those who have been kept faithful in great trails for the time past, have reason to hope for the same grace to help them still to live by faith, till they receive the end of their faith and patience, even the salvation of their souls. he who is justified by faith, shall live - shall be preserved when this overflowing scourge shall come. Barnes's Hebrews 10:38 Bible Commentary Now the just shall live by faith - This is a part of the quotation from Habakkuk Hab 2:3-4, which was probably commenced in the previous verse; see the passage fully explained in the notes on Romans 1:17. Now the iust shall liue by faith: but if any man drawe backe, my soule shall haue no pleasure in him. The fountain of all that Christ has done for his people, is the sovereign will and grace of God. As dastards and cowards are hated by all men, so those that slink away from Christ and his cause, for fear of persecution or secular loss, God must despise; in them he cannot delight; and his Spirit, grieved with their conduct, must desert their hearts, and lead them to darkness and hardness. Verses 1-10 The apostle having shown that the tabernacle, and ordinances of the covenant of Sinai, were only emblems and types of the gospel, concludes that the sacrifices the high priests offered continually, could not make the worshippers perfect, with respect to pardon, and the purifying of their consciences. But if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. (19-25) The danger of apostacy. It is a trial of the patience of Christians, to be content to live after their work is done, and to stay for their reward till God's time to give it is come. He will be a man exposed to the divine wrath; a man on whom God cannot look but with disapprobation. Verses 32-39 Many and various afflictions united against the early Christians, and they had a great conflict. Of this destruction God gives some notorious sinners, while on earth, a fearful foreboding in their consciences, with despair of being able to endure or to escape it. Believers are to consider how they can be of service to each other, especially stirring up each other to the more vigorous and abundant exercise of love, and the practice of good works. yaasharaahThe apostle has retained the general sense of the passage, and the idea which he expresses is, that the unbeliever, or he who renounces his religion, will incur the divine displeasure. His former love could not save him, any more than the former obedience of the angels saved them from the horrors of eternal chains and darkness, or than the holiness in which Adam was created saved him and his posterity from the calamities which his apostasy incurred. How dreadful is the case, when not only the justice of God, but his abused grace and mercy call for vengeance! Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. (1-18) An argument for holy boldness in the believer's access to God through Jesus Christ, And for steadfastness in faith, and mutual love and duty. (32-39). The agreement of infinite holiness with pardoning mercy, was not clearly understood till the human nature of Christ, the Son of God, was wounded and bruised for our sins. His former love could not save him, any more than the former obedience of the angels saved them from the horrors of eternal chains and darkness, or than the holiness in which Adam was created saved him and his posterity from the calamities which his apostasy incurred. 36 For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise. Which best represents the problem with the comment? The communion of saints is a great help and privilege, and a means of stedfastness and perseverance. Amplified® They must draw near to God; it would be contempt of Christ, still to keep at a distance. He who draws back through fear, or because of trial, in him God hath no pleasure. A.S.V. The "just" man is one not in appearance only, but in reality; not by his obedience to the law, but by the obedience of Christ; and he is evidently so by the Spirit, and by faith: and he is one, who lives soberly and righteously; and the life he lives, and shall live, at present, is, not eternal life; for though he shall live that life, yet this is not intended; for it is a living by faith that is spoken of, and as antecedent to the coming of Christ; but a spiritual life is meant, a life of justification in Christ, a life of communion with Christ, and a life of holiness from Christ, with peace, joy, and comfort through him: and the manner of this just man's living is "by faith"; not upon his faith, but upon Christ, the object of it; and by "his faith", as in Habakkuk 2:4 his own, and not another's; or by the faith of Christ: the Syriac version here renders it, "by the faith of myself"; that is, by the faith of Christ, who speaks, and who is the author and object of faith: the Alexandrian copy and the Vulgate Latin version read, "my just man shall live by faith"; and this life is to be now, in the mean while, until Christ comes, and because he will certainly come: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. Our way to heaven is by a crucified Saviour; his death is to us the way of life, and to those who believe this, he will be precious. The content of these resources does not necessarily reflect the views of CGG. See Ps 5:4. Hebrews 10:1-39. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. The Christian spirit is not a selfish spirit; it puts us upon pitying others, visiting them, helping them, and pleading for them. 39But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul. To encourage this he says, that it was a great principle that the just, that is, all the pious, ought to live in the constant exercise of “faith in God.” They should not confide in their own merits, works, or strength. Living by faith, and dying in faith, our souls are safe for ever. Under the old, sacrifices must be often repeated, and after all, only pardon as to this world was to be obtained by them. Jarchi it signifies impudence; R. Moses Kimchi takes it to be the same with עפל, which is used for a tower, or fortified place; and thinks it designs one who betakes himself to such a place for safety from the enemy, and seeks not to God for deliverance: so that such a person seems to be designed, who swells with pride and confidence in his own righteousness; who betakes himself to some fortress of his own for safety; who withdraws from the assembly of the saints, through fear of reproach and persecution; who withholds the truth, shuns to declare it, or maintain a profession of it; plays the hypocrite, and deals deceitfully in religious things; and, in short, it may intend one, who finally and totally apostatizes from the doctrine of faith, and the profession of it: and in such persons God has no pleasure, never had, nor never will have; but, on the contrary, they are abominable to him, and will lie under his sore displeasure, and feel the keen resentments of it; such stand opposed to the just man, that lives by faith, walks humbly with God, in a dependence, not on his own righteousness, but on the righteousness of Christ, in which he is safe from condemnation, and secure of the divine favour; for drawing back is not supposed of the just man, but of any man, as we, with the Ethiopic version, rightly supply; and is to be understood of anyone of the external professors of religion, who forsake the assembling of the saints, Hebrews 10:25 and is denied of the truly righteous in the following words. However, it is up to the individual to "prove all things, and hold fast to that which is good" (I Thessalonians 5:21). 36For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise. If such a case should occur, no matter what might have been the former condition, and no matter what love or zeal might have been evinced, yet such an apostasy would expose the individual to the certain wrath of God. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. 37For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. The insertion of the words any man, if done to serve the purpose of a particular creed, is a wicked perversion of the words of God.